小简介 David Murray是爵士乐手当中推出专辑次数远比现场演出频密的一位，当年David Murray也被指为是史上出片率数一数二爵士乐手之一。到目前为止，Murray的出版遍布世界每一角落，一些非英美主流的出版，更是数之不尽。一般认为Murray是继Albert Ayler、Sonny Rollins之后另一位前卫萨克斯风手，但有趣的是，Murray的语法中带着浓厚的福音歌曲影子，致使当他在一些前卫爵士型式的歌曲开腔时，效果便与一些标准蓝调底子的自由爵士乐手不同。Murray活泼于七零年代的自由爵士运动之中，除了在那支完全管乐团体World Saxophone Quartet中，可见Murray与Oliver Lake的萨克斯风竞技之外，Murray更向往一些极度前卫的乐手／团体，Don Cherry、Anthony Braxton、Henry Threadgill等都与Murray力图创造一些新形黑人爵士乐，对于一位勇于创作的现代萨克斯风高手，我们极可期待其杰出的发展。 Initially an inheritor of an abstract/expressionist improvising style originated in the 60s by such saxophonists as Albert Ayler and Archie Shepp, David Murray eventually evolved into something of a mainstream tenorist, playing standards with conventional rhythm sections. However, Murrays readings of the old chestnuts are vastly different from interpretations by bebop saxophonists of his generation. Murrays sound is deep, dark, and furry with a wide vibrato — reminiscent of such swing-era tenorists as Ben Webster and Coleman Hawkins. And his approach to chord changes is unique. Although its apparent that hes well-versed in harmony, Murray seldom adheres faithfully to the structure of a tune. Hes adapted the expressive techniques of his former free jazz self (slurred glissandi, indefinite pitches, ambiguous rhythms, and altissimo flights) to his straight-ahead playing, with good results. Hell plow right through a composition like Round Midnight, hitting just enough roots, thirds, fifths, and sevenths to define the given harmonies, then filling every other available space with non-chord tones that may or may not resolve properly. In other words, he plays the wrong notes, in the same way that Eric Dolphy played the wrong notes. Like Dolphy, Murray makes it work by dint of an unwavering conviction. The sheer audacity of his concept, the passionate fury of his attack, and the spontaneity of his lines — in other words, the manifest success of his aesthetic — make questions of right and wrong irrelevant. Murrays parents were musical; his mother played piano and his father guitar. In his youth, Murray played music in church with his parents and two brothers. He was introduced to jazz while a student in the Berkeley school system, playing alto sax in a school band. When he was 13, he played in a local group called the Notations of Soul. Hearing Sonny Rollins inspired Murray to switch from alto to tenor. He attended Pomona College, where he studied with a former Ornette Coleman sideman, trumpeter Bobby Bradford. Around this time, he was influenced by the writer Stanley Crouch, whom he met at Pomona. Murray moved to New York at the age of 20, during the citys Loft Jazz era — a time when free jazz found a home in deserted industrial spaces and other undervalued bits of urban real estate below 14th street. Murray and Crouch opened their own loft space, which they called Studio Infinity. Crouch occasionally played drums in Murrays trio with bassist Mark Dresser. In a relatively short time, Murray (with help from his unofficial publicity agent, Crouch) acquired a reputation as a potential great. Murrays early work was exceedingly raw, based as it was on the example of Ayler, who had a penchant for multiphonics, distorted timbres, extremes of volume, and forays into the horns uppermost reaches and beyond. He made his first albums in 1976, Flowers for Albert (India Navigation) and Low Class Conspiracy (Adelphi), with a rhythm section of bassist Fred Hopkins and drummer Phillip Wilson. Also in 1976, Murray became — with Julius Hemphill, Oliver Lake, and Hamiet Bluiett — a founding member of the World Saxophone Quartet. Around this time, Murray was commissioned by theatrical impresario Joseph Papp to assemble a big band, who enjoyed a degree of critical success. Out of the big band came the formation of an octet, who provided him a platform for his increasingly ambitious compositions. In the 80s, Murray performed with the WSQ, his octet, and various small bands, recording mostly for the Italian Black Saint label. His octet records of the time — though very roughly executed — showed him to be a talented (if unformed) composer. Murrays recording activity reached nearly absurd levels in the 80s and 90s; probably no contemporary jazz musician has led more dates on more labels. It was in the 80s that Murray began relying more on the standard jazz repertoire, especially in his small ensemble work. As he got older, the wilder elements of that style were toned down or refined. Murray incorporated free jazz gestures into a more fully rounded voice that also drew on the mainstream of the jazz improvising tradition. The influence of his swing- and bop-playing elders became stronger, even as the passionate abandon and spontaneity that marked his early work declined. On the other hand, his attention to the craft of playing the horn increased exponentially. Although he ceased being a pacesetter, Murray became an inimitable stylist. By the time he turned 40, the relative predictability of his soloing style was offset by his increased skills as a composer. In this area, Murray still seemed capable of breaking new ground.